Movement of Home Based Workers in South Asia
HomeNet South Asia is a network organisation of women homebased workers promoted by UNIFEM and SEWA. It was set up after the Kathmandu Declaration, formulated in an international conference convened in Nepal in year 2000. Women in Informal Employment: Globalizing and Organizing (WIEGO) provided the technical and research foundation on which the Kathmandu Declaration was based. The formal launching of HomeNet South Asia was held on January 17, 2007 in the Conference “Women Work & Poverty Policy Conference on Home Based Workers of South Asia” which was inaugurated by the then Prime Minister of India, Dr. Manmohan Singh.
Facts & Figures
A survey in seven countries revealed that Homebased workers represent between 10 and 25 per cent of the non-agricultural workforce ...
Who are Home Based Workers
Homebased workers are:
Own-account workers, and contributing family workers helping the own-account workers, involved in the production of goods and services for the market, ...
HomeNet South Asia Team visited Nepal in May, 2015 after the Nepal Earthquake Disaster to assess the situation of Homebased Workers in terms of their loss in homes, tools/ equipments and job orders and in addition to explore livelihood opportunities for the affected homebased workers
HomeNet South Asia (HNSA) has 6 Member organizations- Saathi, Women for Human Rights (WHR), SABAH Nepal, Homebased Workers’ Concern Society (HBWCN), Khonkana Women Awareness Society (KWAS), and Class Nepal in Nepal whose reach is to around 14,000 Homebased Workers (HBWs) in different districts of Nepal.
Team visited four districts- Kathmandu, Lalitpur, Nuwakot and Kavre and covered 13 clusters Godawari, Ramhiti, Jaagritinagar, Pathibhara, Mulpani, Bungamati, Khonkana, Dhulikhel, Machhegaun, Sunakoti, Sankhu, Khanikhola and Buddha where the member organizations were working with hbws. The Method of Assessment was through Focussed Group discussions.
Homebased Workers in these clusters were mainly engaged into below mentioned trades which are categorized into piece rate & own account workers
Piece Rate Workers: - Stitching; Carpet Weaving; Knitting; Dhup Making; embroidery; carpet making; Buddhist Handicrafts; Butti Making; Radi Weaving
Own – Account Workers: - Food Stall; Chatai Making; Drying of Palak; Retailer & Agarbatti Shop; Furat Dana Making; Briquette fuel;
During our visit, we observed that 1) the shops are closed from where the homebased workers were getting orders. (Reason:- Either the shopkeepers are Indian or at places the shopkeepers have lost their houses or shopkeepers themselves are not getting orders from other bigger shops) 2) At places; hbws were getting orders or raw materials from the Indian Shops; but after the earthquake Indians have returned to their country 3) Hbws were still in trauma and they feared to live their kids back home and buy raw materials from the market 4) Main Priority for Hbws was to rebuild their homes; as home is workplace for homebased workers 5)Homebased Workers also didn’t have enough capital to buy raw material and restart their work 6) Homebased Workers engaged into Embroidery have lost Embroidery Tan.Check Detailed Visit Report
Immediately after the Earthquake also, HomeNet South Asia supported its 6 member Organization with required Relief Material of Tarpaulins, Mosquito Coils & Sanitary Napkins. Also, HNSA facilitated linkages with support agencies like UN Women-Nepal, American Jewish Development Committee (JDC), Un Residence Representative-Nepal, Innovative Solutions, etc providing relief and rehab work. In addition to the linkages, HomeNet South Asia is also awarded Project on “Rehabilitation Support for homebased Workers in Nepal” by American Jewish Development Committee (JDC) for its 6 Members Organizations in Nepal.
American Jewish Development Committee (JDC), soon after the earthquake organized Psycho-Socio Counselling in May 2015 for the Staff and Leaders of member organizations of HomeNet South Asia.The detailed documentation of the impact of the training can be checked here.
Training on “Organizing and Leadership”:- 8th -11th September,2014
Training on “Organizing and Leadership” for the hbws leaders of Bhubaneshwar has been organized by HomeNet South Asia(HNSA) in association with Indian Academy for Self Employed Women’s Association (IASEW) from 8th -11th September,2014 under the Funding Leadership Opportunities for Women(Flow) Programme. HomeNet South Asia has partnered with Aim of our Regional Development(Road) under Inclusive Cities Project to mobilize and organize homebased workers around urban issues in Bhubaneshwar. 18 Leaders organised by Road and 3 staff ( Mobilizer, Programme Manager & Chairperson) will be attending the Training, some of these leaders have already taken up the basic foundation Training on “Organizing & Leadership” in Feb 2014 in Bhubaneshwar.
After a period of time, as these leaders are continuously working in the field, there was a need felt to address their issues at ground level. Therefore, four days training and field visits with Indian School of Academy would address their prevailing issues and challenges like Organizing around their Issues, Formation of groups ,Communication Techniques, Information sharing among the group, Motivation and activation of group, Benefits of Organizing, Running the group, Trust Building and transparency.
VISIT OF BHUTAN HOMEBASED WORKERS TO HOMENET SOUTH ASIA:
HomeNet South Asia with SEWA has been awarded a project “ Strengthening the livelihood of homebased workers in South Asia” has promoted non-profit company called SABAH in all 7 countries of South Asia- Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Maldives, Nepal, Pakistan and Sri Lanka. Under this programme, capacity building is one of the important components, where they are given exposure to SEWA in Ahmedabad to understand the collective production and supply chain of production.
Recently, group of weavers (18 homebased workers) with two staff- (Marketing and Designer) from SABAH Bhutan visited SEWA Trade Facilitation Centre for their 7 days exposure. During their exposure, they visited HomeNet South Asia to understand about issues and intervention taken at Regional level for homebased workers. After providing them orientation on HNSA programme, discussion was open up to understand their issues and need of homebased workers in Bhutan. During the interaction, weaver homebased workers mentioned,” in Bhutan, Homebased Workers are recognized as homebased workers and therefore, they want to have national policy on homebased workers for their recognition. As there are many own account and piece rate workers, they have understood the importance of organising, after joining SABAH Bhutan. Today, we are able to earn our livelihood and we can support our family. We would want HNSA to work in Bhutan for homebased workers to advocate for child care centre, health insurance and housing. Housing in Thimpu (capital of Bhutan) is becoming very expensive. As rooms are small, our weaving quality effects, hence, we want to have collective work centre” On asking, what kind of publication would be useful for them, they responded, publication on various weaving techniques of South Asia and designs of weaving, shall be very helpful.
VISIT OF ETHOPIAN EMBASSY TO HOMENET SOUTH ASIA:
Two Senior officials from Ethiopian Embassy in India had visited SEWA from 31st July to 2nd August, 2014 to understand about SEWA and its services provided to their members. Also, they wanted to understand HomeNet South Asia’s structure as Membership Based Organisation Network at Regional level for homebased workers and programme area. While presenting HNSA’s programme and policy initiatives taken for homebased workers, they were interested in exploring livelihood initiatives taken by HNSA under its SABAH ( South Asian Business Association of Homebased Workers ) and Outreach Programme. During exchange of programme, they informed, about Homebased workers in Ethiopia; mostly engaged with handicrafts work, who rely on tourist market to sell their products. They echoed the problems of hbws in south Asian countries are similar to Ethiopian for instance, working long hours in one posture doing bead work has taken away their eyesight.
This meeting was good exchange on homebased workers in South Asia and in Africa. We see this as an opportunity to build international solidarity for homebased workers.
Strengthening the Movement of Homebased Workers
Workshop & Field Visits on “Strengthening the Movement of Homebased Workers-Sharing experience and learning together” was organized by Women in Informal Economy- Globalizing & Organizing in collaboration(WIEGO) with World Fair Trade Organization (WFTO) in Nairobi, Kenya from 12th -15th August, 2014. The workshop was attended by the participants from South Asia-Nepal, Pakistan & Srilanka & Africa -Kenya, Uganda, Egypt & South Asia. The main objective of the workshop was to to bring together representatives of HBWs and support groups from the two continents(Asia & Africa) to participate at international forums of HBWs to acquire knowledge and experiences on how HBWs can organize themselves. The four day workshop & field visits ended up with the next plan of action for the groups and support organizations for homebased workers.
Day 1 of the workshop- 12th August, 2014
Chris Bonner, Director & Representation(South Africa)-Presenting about WIEGO
Sri Lanka & Kenya Group work on “About Homebased Workers and Challenges” in their country.
Nepal & Kenya Group work on “About Homebased Workers and Challenges” in their country
SriLankan Leaders sharing their experience on “Organizing HBWs & its Benefits”
Field visit to Malemba Group, Machakos
REGIONAL CONFERENCE OF CITY AUTHORITIES ON HOMEBASED WORKERS
A two and half day Regional Conference of City Authorities on Homebased Workers was organised by HomeNet South Asia in collaboration with HomeNet Thailand on 7-8-9th May, 2014 at Hotel Amari Garden Pattaya, Thailand. City Mayors, administrators, networks of homebased workers and organisations working with homebased workers from eight countries of South and South East Asia – namely, Bangladesh, India, Cambodia, Nepal, Philippines, Pakistan, Sri Lanka and Thailand – participated in the event.
The objectives of the conference were the following:
- To highlight how good civic amenities impact on the productivity, livelihoods and quality of life of urban homebased workers.
- To share programmes and experiences regarding the means of addressing issues of homebased workers in South and South East Asia, in partnership with City Authorities.
- To adopt an ‘Asian Cities Declaration’ and to identify country-specific issues that could be taken up by or in partnerships with City Authorities, to address urban issues of homebased workers.
The Hon’ble Acting Governor of Bangkok, Dr. Pusadee Tamthai, was the chief guest at the inaugural session. In her inaugural address, Dr. Pusadee said, ‘Homebased workers should not only get civic amenities because they contribute to the economy significantly, but also because it is their human right’. She added further, ‘there is a great need for coordination among the various departments and agencies that provide different services in Bangkok as the Bangkok Metropolitan Authority alone is not responsible for all the services’. She also felt that ‘it is the duty of the officials to visit the field, to get a better understanding of issues’ and emphasized the ‘need to understand the structure of the city administration, so that the right person or organisation could be approached’. In her closing remarks she mentioned, ‘there is a need for all government officials to have a positive attitude so that they can provide better and more effective services to the people, including homebased workers’.
Dr. Malee Pruekpongsawalee, representative of HomeNet Thailand, welcomed the delegates. Ms. Chandni Joshi, Enforcer of HomeNet South Asia, addressed the gathering. Two local homebased workers, Ms. Neeramol Suthipannaphong and Mr. Somkid Duang-ngeun, shared their views and concerns. Dr. Martha Chen, from Harvard University’s Kennedy School of Government and International Coordinator of WIEGO, gave the key note address.
Statistical Briefs on homebased workers from four countries – Bangladesh , India , Nepal , Pakistan – were launched by the Hon’ble Acting Governor Dr. Pusadee Tamthai and Dr. Martha Chen. It was noted throughout the conference that for any kind of planning or policy and programme formulation, statistics on homebased workers are essential and these can often be derived from national labour force surveys if the surveys are modified to ask the correct questions.
There were five panel discussions during the conference to discuss the key urban issues affecting homebased workers. The panels were a) Basic Infrastructure Services, Part 1 – Water and Sanitation, b) Basic Infrastructure Services, Part 2 - Public Transport and Electricity, c) Secure and Adequate Housing, d) Livelihood Support through Local Bodies, and e) Health (health insurance, maternity benefits/care) and Occupational Health and Safety.
On the concluding day of the conference an ‘Asian Cities Declaration on Homebased Workers’ was adopted, based on the recommendations of the conference. This will serve as a road map for Governments and City Authorities to address issues of urban homebased workers in South and South East Asia and include them in their planning and implementation processes.
NEWSLETTER ISSUE 2
We, the members of 60 networks, associations and trade unions of home-based workers, together with nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) and researchers from 24 countries, met in New Delhi on the 8th and 9th of February 2015 at the Global Conference of Home-based Workers,..Read more
Homebased workers are typically isolated and invisible because they work from home..Read more
INAUGURAL ADDRESS by Dr. Sheel Kant Sharma, Ambassador of India to Austria & Permanent Representative to UN Office in Vienna & IAEA and former Secretary General of South Asia Association for Regional Cooperation (SAARC)
Valedictory Address By Roberta Clarke, Regional Director, UN Women, Asia Pacific Region
HomeNets in South Asia envisions a scenario in which Homebased Workers are visible,
protected, promoted, empowered ..